Non Communicable Disease



Non-communicable diseases (NCDs), mainly cardiovascular diseases, cancers, diabetes, obesity and chronic respiratory diseases, represent a leading threat to human health and human development in today’s world. These five NCD factors are the world’s leading causes of death and kill an estimated 35 million people each year – 60% of all deaths globally – with 80% in low and middle income countries.

WHO estimates that total deaths from non-communicable diseases will increase by a further 17% over the next 10 years. NCDs are related to the interaction of various genetic, environmental and especially lifestyle factors, including smoking, alcohol abuse, unhealthy diets and physical inactivity. NCDs are often prevalent in disadvantaged socio-economic populations and areas and represent a major obstacle to the economic development of many countries.

India is experiencing rapid demographic and epidemiological transition with NCDs causing significant disability, morbidity and mortality both in urban and rural populations and across all socio-economic strata. Every year, roughly 5.8 million Indians die from heart and lung diseases, stroke, cancer and diabetes. In other words, 1 in 4 Indians risks dying from an NCD before they reach the age of 70.( WHO).

  • In India, NCDs are estimated to account for 60% of all deaths.
  • Economic implication

India stands to lose $4.58 trillion before 2030 due to NCDs and mental health conditions. Cardiovascular diseases, accounting for $2.17 trillion and mental health conditions ($1.03 trillion), will contribute to major economic losses. This contrasts starkly with the cost of action: $111 billion a year to implement a set of NCD “best buy” interventions in all developing countries.